Why itchy eyes and how to relieve the discomfort

One of the more annoying itches that’s definitely what strikes him eyes. It can be triggered by internal causes such as pathologies or infections or external aggressions.

Even though the surface of the eyeballs and tears help keep the eyes away from potential harmful agents, in fact, sometimes they prove to be insufficient barriers and something still ends up causing a problem that results in this annoyance.

Causes of itchy eyes

Seasonal allergies

The seasonal allergies they are the first suspects when it comes to managing itchy eyes, which can be caused by the direct entry of feathers or fine particles into the eyeballs or by the reaction of the latter to agents that they identify as harmful and irritating.

In addition to itching seasonal allergies most often also cause sneezing, runny nose, swelling, watering or redness around the eyes.

Annoying contact lenses

The contact lenses sometimes can cause eye irritation and itchiness because despite being designed to stay in contact with their surface they are still perceived by the body as foreign agents.

To prevent the lenses from causing itchiness is important make sure they are always in good condition. These elements can deform over time and adhere less to the cornea, so it is necessary to change them according to the indications of the chosen type.

Also there proper maintenance it is essential and involves always touching the lenses with clean fingers and rinsing them with the appropriate solution before immersing them in the case, which must always be perfectly clean.

Dry eye

Dry eye occurs when the quantity or quality of tears produced is not sufficient and the surface is not lubricated enough. When this happens, the eye becomes irritated and other symptoms such as redness and burning develop in addition to the itching.

Also, with dry eye, the nerves in the cornea, the clear outer layer at the front of the eye, become hypersensitive to external influences.

Dry eye it can also occur due to excessive fatigue which happens when the eyes get tired following intense use such as staring at a computer screen for a long time or driving for many hours.

Conjunctivitis or blepharitis

Conjunctivitis is a generic term for ainflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin membrane that lines the inside of the eyelids. This condition can result from allergies, infections or any inflammatory condition of the eye as well it can also lead to other intense discomfort such as eye swelling, tearing and redness.

Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelids which usually affects both eyes and develops along the edges. It usually occurs when the sebaceous glands near the underside of the eyelashes become blocked by external agents causing the normal skin bacteria to overgrow in the affected area, causing irritation, redness and itching.

Use of irritating products

Even if beauty products, be they skincare or make-up, are not applied directly to the eyeballs, fine particles or small portions of creams or serums can get into the eyes or surrounding areas, causing irritation.

In addition, some contain dyes, perfumes and preservatives that particularly sensitive people can develop allergies or contact irritations, causing redness, swelling and itching of the eyes or surrounding skin.

Mite infestation

The acari are micro organisms present above all on bed surfaces they feed on the dead skin cells and oils products from it or hair. If they come into contact with the surface of the eyes they can cause itching. To avoid this event it is good to change sheets and pillowcases often but preventing it completely is impossible.

How to relieve itchy eyes

  • Use over-the-counter eye drops. This product comes in the form of drops and can help wet dry eyeballs and flush out any allergens that may have lodged on the surface.
  • Take an antihistamine. In drops or by mouth, they can help soothe itchy eyes if an allergy is causing it.
  • Make a cool compress. Wetting a washcloth with cold water, wringing it out, and applying it to your eyes can help you find relief.
  • Use shampoo. If you have blepharitis, it may help to gently massage your eyelids and lashes with baby shampoo.
  • Don’t rub your eyes. Although the temptation to scratch is strong, doing so can make the discomfort worse and damage the ocular surface.

If these basic remedies don’t work, it’s better to contact an ophthalmologist who, through a more in-depth visit, can diagnose the cause of the specific symptoms and the best treatment to carry on.

Dry eyes are common in winter.

Here are the causes and remedies of burning eyes.

Source: www.my-personaltrainer.it

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