With the arrival of summer, it is natural that we seek to make the most of the hottest time of the year. However, it is important to remember that high temperatures also favor the proliferation of bacteria, especially in the food we consume. For this reason, it is essential that we take some extra care to ensure the health of the gastrointestinal systemas acute diarrhea and gastroenteritis may be more common at this time of year, causing physical and social discomfort.
A acute diarrhea and gastroenteritis They are characterized by frequent and liquid bowel movements, which may be accompanied by abdominal cramps and general malaise. They are generally caused by viral, bacterial or parasitic infections, or even by eating contaminated food. They may also be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
Follow these recommendations and enjoy a healthy, discomfort-free summer!
Hydration is essential:
Always stay hydrated, especially on hot days. Drink plenty of water throughout the day and avoid dehydration. This is especially important if you are experiencing diarrhea, which increases the risk of you becoming dehydrated.
Pay attention to your diet:
– Wash your hands well before meals and avoid touching food with dirty hands;
– Consume fresh food from reliable sources. Avoid foods that are at greater risk of spoiling in heat, such as those containing mayonnaise or raw ingredients;
– Choose cooked, roasted or grilled foods;
– Consume fruits and vegetables after washing them under running water and cleaning them properly;
– Avoid excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages and soft drinks;
– Maintain a healthy diet, rich in fruits, vegetables, fiber and probiotic foods. This will help keep your intestinal microbiota balanced, preventing colonization by harmful microorganisms.
Care with Water:
– Drink filtered or bottled mineral water. Avoid consuming water from unknown sources or of questionable quality;
– Be careful with the water in swimming pools, rivers and beaches. Avoid swallowing water during water activities.
Protect yourself from the heat:
Avoid long exposures to the sun, especially during times of highest solar incidence. Excessive heat can trigger gastrointestinal discomfort.
– Maintain good personal hygiene habits and wash your hands after using the bathroom;
– Use toilet paper and, if possible, wet wipes for adequate cleaning;
– Avoid sharing towels, glasses and cutlery.
Avoid Contact with Sick People:
If someone around you is sick, avoid close contact to prevent the transmission of gastrointestinal infections.
How to Deal with Acute Diarrhea and Gastroenteritis?
Rest and stay hydrated.
When facing an episode of acute diarrhea or gastroenteritis, it is essential to rest and avoid excessive physical exertion. Also, drink plenty of water and fluids to avoid dehydration.
Consume appropriate foods.
During this period, opt for light foods.
Seek medical assistance if symptoms persist.
If symptoms of acute diarrhea or gastroenteritis persist for more than two weeks, or you experience drowsiness, reduced urine volume, are unable to drink fluids, or have severe abdominal pain, seek medical attention immediately. Proper treatment may be necessary to avoid complications and ensure your recovery.
Always remember to follow medical advice and adopt preventive measures to avoid acute diarrhea and gastroenteritis, maintaining adequate hygiene, taking care of your diet and avoiding contact with sick people. Prioritize your gastrointestinal health this summer and enjoy the season with well-being and comfort. If you have any questions or concerns, do not hesitate to seek medical advice.
Have a great summer!
The diagnosis must always be carried out by a properly qualified professional, as it requires complex evaluation. In this material, we provide general guidance and explanations, which are not intended to replace medical evaluation, diagnosis or treatment. Always consult a healthcare professional for appropriate evaluation and treatment.
Brady K. Acute gastroenteritis: evidence-based management of pediatric patients. Pediatr Emerg Med Pract. 2018;15(2):1-24.
Oswaldo Cruz Hospital. Summer increases the occurrence of gastrointestinal infections. 2019. Available at: https://www.hospitaloswaldocruz.org.br/imprensa/releases/verao-potencializa-ocorrencia-de-infeccoes-gastrointestinais/. Accessed on: 07/27/2023.
Rio Grande do Sul State Health Department. 2023. Summer requires care with food and water. Available at: https://saude.rs.gov.br/verao-exige-cuidados-com-alimentos-e-agua. Accessed on: 07/27/2023.
The post Care for Life.