The Narcissistic Personality Disorder or as also known (TPN),has many shared common definitions, where people who have deviant behaviors can present considered narcissistic stand out fortes traits such as need for flattery, lack of empathy, and arrogance.
Os common symptoms and course of action of people with narcissistic personality may include correspond to the people who present need for excessive attention, and many other interpersonal difficulties that interfere in the environment in which they live, in relationships, at work and in various other social environments.
Taking care of mental health is essential, as it directly impacts an individual’s health and quality of life, hence the importance of identifying, diagnosing and treating any type of personality disorder.
What Causes Narcissistic Personality Disorder?
Like human beings, We all have behaviors and attitudes that at some point in childhood, adolescence or adulthood caused difficulties and bad feelings, for example, the lack of empathy during a fight when you are angry. However, this alone is not considered narcissism.
Iindividuals with narcissistic PD, have a general pattern with feelings of superiority, super importance, lack of empathy, independent of being considered introverted or extroverted.
Although many people worldwide have this personality disorder and it is more frequent in men, there are no specific causes for this mental disorder, but there are scientific studies that show the following as possible factors:
- genetic characteristics;
- personal relationships of each individual;
- environment in which a person is or has been inserted.
What are the main signs and symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder?
Individuals com TPN often ignore basic rules of living and social behaviorcreating a lifestyle that to a high or low degree commit illegal acts without showing guilt or remorse as well as faulty acts based on the symptoms that each one has.
The symptoms of Narcissistic Personality Disorder vary according to the degree of narcissism diagnosed in each patient, however the main symptoms include:
Lack of empathy:
axle andndividuos com TPN cannot identify with another person and to understand your feelings and needsrespecting and collaborating in situations that are necessary.
can present extreme attitudes of self-importance, not distinguishing reality as it actually is. Intolerant of criticism, even when it’s constructive.
They can can iand feeling that all the attention should be theirs and always for them, because everything revolves around their wishes, iignoring everything around you.
Need for flattery:
Phave a need to admiration about what they do and how they are, so they are immensely satisfied receiving praise and all the attention they sorely crave.
Sense of superiority:
Jsystem people to know if they are on the same level as them with veiled attitudes of self-empowerment. Tdecorating it like this very difficult interpersonal relationshipseis for those who do not consider themselves up to par.
narcissistic disorder or narcissistic traits?
There are situations where people without personality disorder may have traits narcissistichow to treat with arrogance and lack of sensitivity bythe next in conflicting or stressful moments.
Nonetheless, Isolated narcissistic traits do not define an individual as TPN holderbecause to be considered com TPN, he must– if you have a range of NPD symptoms that appear mutually during personal and social interactions.
Still, Diagnosis of a person with Narcissistic Personality Disorder is based on by expert and qualified professionalstogether with the ideal and adequate treatment for each one, since although the symptoms are commonthe form of care varies according to the needs of each case.
How to diagnose narcissistic disorder?
According to Brazilian Association of Psychiatryfor the diagnosis of any personality disorder must– if you consider the repetitive and permanent pattern of behavior that differs from what is common and expected.
The diagnosis of TPN is performed by a psychiatristthrough a thorough investigation of the behavior and actions of an individual who has this disorder.
The investigation stage involves a complete personality analysis and all the daffodil traits present in a person by the psychiatrist, to later intervene with a form of treatment aligned with the objectives of compatible developments for each patient.
Treatment for narcissistic personality disorder?
Within the group of personality disorders, just like anyone else who has some other type of disorder, it is recommended psychotherapy (as cognitive behavioral therapy)since there is no drug treatment for patients with this condition.
Psychotherapy is the treatment carried out by a psychologist through techniques and knowledge about the human being., understanding the origin of every action of a patient com TPN and guiding him ways to resolve existing conflicts, as well as better knowing your emotions, yourself and improving interpersonal relationships.
A cognitive behavioral therapyin a simplified way, is an approach to psychotherapy that understands how patients they interpret events and how they are affected, that is, it is the way of visualizing how an individual thinks, feels and sees each situation that causes discomfort, discomfort or negative feelings.
The evolution of the treatment is made generally slowly, so continuous monitoring with a suitable professional is more than necessary to achieve improvementssince the treatment is focused on the personality, what could it be quite changeable over time.
The focus of any treatment for TPN is the change with responsibility for one’s own actions in a way that is appropriate to the relationships, respecting people, the environment, acting empathetically, with consideration and understanding.
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