Edema in children, naturally, causes excitement in parents and worries. After all, they clearly signal some kind of failure. What you need to know about this phenomenon in children, aif.ru told pediatrician, i. O. Head of the Department of Pediatrics, Clinical Diagnostic Center “Medincenter” (branch of GlavUpDK under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia) Natalia Golikova.
Edema is swelling, often caused by a large amount of fluid that is trapped in the tissues of the body. In most cases, the problem is not a cause for concern and can be easily treated. But be sure to visit a specialist to determine the cause and get the right advice.
There are many possible causes of edema in children, the most common of which are:
- insect bites,
- allergic reactions,
- comorbidities such as kidney or heart disease.
How to recognize?
The symptoms of edema in children vary, depending on the underlying cause and the severity of the condition. The disease can manifest itself in the form of redness, heat or pain in the affected area of the body, an increase in the size of the abdomen, a feeling of heaviness in the legs. In some cases, swelling is accompanied by fever, difficulty breathing, or skin discoloration.
If a child has swelling, you can’t wait and try to cope on your own, you need to seek qualified medical help as soon as possible. After all, the reason can be both harmless and quite serious, and the parent is unlikely to determine this by eye. After the examination, the doctor diagnoses the main cause of the disease and prescribes the correct treatment.
Often, therapy involves taking medications such as antihistamines or antibiotics, depending on the situation. Leg swelling associated with congestive heart failure or liver disease is treated with diuretics and dietary sodium restriction. But this is only as prescribed by a doctor – there should not be any self-treatment: you can lose time and aggravate the situation.