Had one high blood pressure spike even without having hypertension? This problem is not uncommon and can happen for different reasons. Stress, deregulated sleep and poor diet are just a few examples of factors that can result in a pressure spike. In some cases, the high pressure may show symptoms, but in others the increase may be silent. Who unravels this subject is the cardiologist Maikon Zumaêta Libório, who explained why this happens to those who do not have hypertension. Check out!
Those who do not have hypertension may have a high blood pressure spike: understand the reasons and risks
Yes, it is possible that a person who does not have hypertension have a high blood pressure spike. According to the cardiologist, several reasons can cause the sudden increase in pressure and most of them are related to lifestyle habits: “Pressure can rise, even without symptoms, due to lack of regular physical exercise, smokingsleep deprivation, stressbad eating habits, overweight and obesity”.
Side effects of certain types of medication are also among potential causes for a high blood pressure spike. “It can also be caused by other problems, such as adverse drug effects, hypothyroidism and kidney disease,” explains Dr. Liborio.
Even for those without hypertension, very high blood pressure can pose some serious risks, especially if not controlled properly. “Very high pressure can cause damage to target organs such as the eyes, heart, brain and kidneys, leading to a stroke, ischemia or even a stroke. acute myocardial infarction. If the pressure is not properly controlled, the patient can develop other chronic diseases, such as kidney failure and heart failure”, warns the cardiologist.
Does the pressure spike indicate hypertension? Understand when the problem may be permanent
According to Dr. Liborio, a single spike in high blood pressure does not necessarily indicate that the person has hypertension – nor does the alternation between spikes in high blood pressure and controlled blood pressure. “Not every patient with labile hypertension, who sometimes has a hypertensive peak and sometimes has normal blood pressure, will develop fixed hypertension”, comments the specialist.
On the other hand, if spikes continue to happen frequently, it’s time to turn on the alert signal. “A single measurement indicating a hypertensive peak is not enough to classify a person as hypertensive. However, frequent episodes can trigger clinically significant lesions within a few years, or sometimes less than a year if the patient has other comorbidities and risk factors, such as diabetes or smoking”, emphasizes the doctor. That is, if the problem continues to happen and you have high blood pressure symptoms constants, the ideal is to seek a doctor to make the diagnosis with outpatient exams.
I had a spike in high blood pressure: what to do?
In case of a high blood pressure peak, medical attention is indispensable. “The recommendation is that he be attended to receive adequate treatment for pressure control and relief of symptoms, if present, and to rule out emergencies caused by increased pressure, such as aortic dissection, hypertensive encephalopathy, acute pulmonary edema or infarction” , recommends the cardiologist. It is also recommended to investigate the causes of increased pressure and adopt better habits to prevent new spikes.