It has just been approved by Congress Animal Welfare and Animal Rights Law which affects all companion or wild animals in captivity, but excludes hunting, guard and work dogs, and tightens the sanctions for those who violate the regulations, and is ready to be published in the BOE, after which It will enter in vigor. The new law will include ten amendments incorporated to the text in the Senate.
We explain how these rules will affect you and your pets. Will be forbidden:
- Leaving a pet unattended for more than three consecutive days, which are reduced to 24 consecutive hours in the case of dogs.
- educate animals with methods that cause them sufferingfear or anxiety.
- leave them locked in vehicles in which temperature or other conditions put their health and well-being at risk.
- Abandon o mistreat animalsor not provide them with the necessary care, damaging their physical or psychological health
- Sell in stores certain animals such as dogs, cats or ferrets, although it will be allowed to buy dogs and cats from accredited official breeders who advertise online. A new registry of animals and breeders will also be launched.
- use them in tourist or advertising activities or in public shows when this causes them any suffering or pain (with the exception of bullfighting), or use them as a claim in raffles, fairs, promotions…
- Use them to beg (homeless people will be able to have their pets with them).
- Feeding animals with viscera or other parts of animals that have not been subjected to the sanitary controls established.
- Las dogs fights or train them to attack other animals or people.
- let animals loose, especially in protected spaces such as Natural Parks, in areas where herds graze, or in any place where they can cause harm to people, livestock or the environment. The owner of the animal will be responsible for the damages caused by it and will be penalized for it.
- Keeping certain species such as arthropods, fish and amphibians as pets whose bite or venom may pose serious risks to the health of people and animals, species considered invasive, poisonous reptiles or primates, among others.
Among the obligations of the owners of the animals are:
- Provide the animals with decent living conditions that guarantee their well-being and good health. In the case of those that live in cages, terrariums or aquariums, these habitats will be of an adequate size, although the law determines that the conditions for each species will be developed according to regulations.
- Take the animal to veterinarian with the necessary periodicity to receive the vaccines or pass the corresponding examinations, which must be registered.
- have the animals identified and permanently located and, if a loss or theft occurs, notify the authorities within a maximum period of 48 hours.
- Dog owners must take a simple test that demonstrates their knowledge of dog care, welfare and legislation and hire a liability insurance that covers owners to third parties.
- Cat owners, for their part, have an obligation to sterilize your feline and identify it by means of a microchip. If they do not want to neuter the animal, they must register in the Companion Animal Breeders Registry, which is mandatory for those who wish to breed cats or dogs, it will be free and can be done easily online.
- People who have pets dangerous or threatened species “They will have the obligation to notify the competent authorities of the possession of these animals” within six months from the entry into force of the law.
- The list of eight potentially dangerous dog breeds –pit bull terrier, rottweiler, dogo argentino, Staffordshire bull terrier, American Staffordshire terrier, Brazilian fila, tosa inu and Akita inu– so their owners are required to meet certain requirements: keep them on a short leash and always wear a muzzle, even in dog parks.