A toothache is mild to severe pain that occurs in or around the teeth and jaws. A toothache can have very varied origins, from a piece of food in the gum to a broken tooth, it is commonly the consequence of a bacterial infection that causes cavities. The dental pulp is one of the most sensitive areas of the body, it is a soft material full of nerves, tissues and blood vessels. The nerves in the pulp are very sensitive, when irritated or infected by pathogens (which are common in the mouth), they can cause severe pain.
A toothache can completely ruin a day, prevent us from concentrating, playing sports or keeping us up all night.. If you have a toothache, your concern is one and it is clear: to get relief. Some toothaches are sharp and come and go, while others are dull and stay constant.
Toothaches considered minor and more frequent are due to temporary irritation of the gums or a small fissure and can be alleviated at home. But, if they don’t get better on their own and last more than a day, they need to be treated by a dental professional, who in addition to alleviating the suffering treats the underlying dental health problem, but what can we do before going to the dentist to alleviate the pain? pain? In this article we leave you with a series of tips, offered by the best dentists, to treat your toothache at home efficiently and safely.
How to eliminate a toothache?
The first thing is that if you experience oral pain, it may be a sign of a more serious dental health problem and should be addressed immediately, pain is a mechanism in our body that alerts our brain that something is not working properly. Pain in the mouth area can have different causes, often it can indicate cavities, a damaged filling, a broken tooth, a gum infection, or a dental abscess.
The first objective when dealing with a toothache should be to determine the cause, in order to address it correctly and quickly. For example, an abscessed tooth can be very dangerous and cause serious complications if not treated immediately. If the pain is accompanied by a fever, red and swollen gums, or a red, swollen lump in the mouth that is pus or blood, it may be a bacterial infection and should be treated with medication. When a tooth is broken or chipped, the face or jaw may swell and the mouth may taste unpleasant or salty. It is important to go see a dentist as soon as possible if he experiences any of the symptoms mentioned above or the toothache does not subside or worsens over time.
Commonly toothaches come from cavities or small breaks and there are some strategies that can be followed at home to help minimize pain until we can be seen by a dental professional. If you think that your toothache is due to a small crack or cavity, you can use the following methods to relieve the pain, before arriving at the dentist’s office.
1. Take painkillers
There are many pain relievers that can be obtained without a prescription that help reduce toothache, such as Paracetamol or Ibuprofen. Most people can use them to help reduce a toothache that is between mild and moderate levels of pain. The recommended dose and the frequency with which it should be taken are found in the medicine, the dosage must always be respected. If the toothache is severe and does not go away, it is important to see a dentist, before taking stronger painkillers.
2. Rinse with salt water
Salt water is a natural cleanser that acts as an antibacterial agent., can help reduce inflammation of the teeth and gums. It can also help remove any food or dirt that may have gotten stuck between the teeth or along the gum line. A salt water rinse is a very simple and common home remedy for toothaches, as well as helping to clean teeth and gums naturally.
3. Apply cold
To relieve pain, cold compresses or ice can be applied, especially if it has been caused by a blow. The application of cold helps combat the symptoms of inflammation, helping the contraction of blood vessels. The simplest way is to apply an ice pack wrapped in a towel to the affected area for 20 minutes every few hours, pain and swelling should alleviate within a few minutes.
4. Raise your head
This method is mostly useful at night.If the pain prevents you from sleeping, you can try raising your head. The pooling of blood in the head can cause more pain and swelling. For some people, propping up their head with an extra pillow or two can ease pain and allow them to fall asleep.
5. Rinse with hydrogen peroxide (hydrogen peroxide)
Hydrogen peroxide is commonly known as hydrogen peroxide. Poor oral hygiene can lead to a serious gum infection known as periodontitis. Whose main symptoms are gum pain and bleeding, in some cases it can cause the teeth to loosen from their alveoli. A recent study showed that rinsing the mouth with hydrogen peroxide on a regular basis can help reduce plaque bacteria and periodontitis symptoms. Although it is always advisable to consult with the dentist if this is the right method for us.
Water should always be used to dilute hydrogen peroxide before rinsing, and the solution should be stored away from heat and light. This solution should be swished in the mouth and not swallowed. This remedy is not recommended for young children, because they could accidentally swallow the mixture.
6. Peppermint Tea Bags
Mint has many health benefits; mint tea bags are a home remedy frequently used to relieve and soothe sore gums. You can use warm or cold bags, although you always have to let it cool down a bit after making the tea. After preparing a mint tea, the bag used is saved and must be allowed to cool a little before applying it to the point of pain. In the case of applying cold, it should be placed in the freezer for more or less two minutes, and also applied to the place of pain, the tooth or the gum.
Some people use garlic that is commonly used in cooking to relieve toothaches and cavities. Far from being a magic bullet or unsubstantiated, several recent studies have shown that garlic is effective against infections. It works as a natural anti-inflammatory, in addition to having other benefits for our body: it helps the immune system by increasing defenses, improves the cardiovascular system, prevents the formation of plaques in the arteries, decreases hyperlipidemia (excess fat in the blood) and prevents tension. high blood pressure, among other important benefits for general health. Specifically in regards to oral health.
The main component of garlic, is allicin, which is a strong antibacterial agent capable of fighting bacteria in the mouth, responsible for toothaches and cavities that cause pain. While some people may not like the taste of raw garlic or the smell it leaves in the mouth, chewing it and keeping it close to the tooth can help relieve pain.
9. Vanilla Extract
Real vanilla has antioxidant properties and can be used as a healing agent, as well as containing alcohol, which can help numb pain. Therefore, vanilla extract is a good healing agent. It is important to use natural vanilla extract, instead of synthetic vanilla, since the latter does not contain the same ingredients.
To combat the pain, you have to apply a small amount of vanilla extract to the affected area, directly with your finger or with the help of a cotton ball. This method can be applied several times a day to treat the painful area.
The clove we use for cooking and is a fundamental ingredient of Indian food and its typical dishes such as curries, it has been used for centuries to relieve symptoms of some common conditions such as flu, headaches, colds and fever. It works as a natural antipyretic and analgesic.
Clove contains mostly eugenol. Eugenol can help numb the affected area and relieve pain symptoms. Results from a clinical trial on dental patients indicated that it may be used to reduce pain and swelling after tooth extraction; Patients who applied eugenol to their gums and sockets after having a tooth extracted showed less pain and swelling than people who did not use eugenol after the minor procedure.
You can use the cloves directly, put a few in your mouth or make a paste with the cloves and apply directly to the tooth (or use a tea bag). This method is not a good idea for young children, as they may ingest too much clove. The nails can be sharp and cause pain if swallowed.
11. Guava leaves
Guava leaves also have anti-inflammatory properties. and they can help in the treatment of pain, but they are not so well known in western countries, the tree is native to tropical America.
In addition to inflammatory properties, guava leaves help heal wounds, and can also be used in oral care to fight bacteria. Chewing on fresh guava leaves or adding crushed leaves to boiling water works as a kind of mouthwash that has antimicrobial properties.