To alleviate the discomfort of dengue, there are some strategies or remedies that can be used to combat the symptoms and promote well-being, without the need to take medication.
Thus, it may be interesting to place a wet compress with cold water on the forehead, drink plenty of fluids during the day, avoid fatty foods, apply ointments to the skin in case of itchy skin, and apply chamomile tea compresses to the eyelids in case of eye pain, for example.
Normally, these precautions are used to relieve the symptoms of fever, vomiting, itching and pain in the eyes, which are the main discomforts caused by dengue. Find out how long dengue symptoms last.
What to do
Some tips on what to do at home to relieve dengue symptoms are:
1. How to relieve fever
Some tips that can help bring down dengue fever include:
- Place a wet compress with cold water on the forehead for 15 minutes;
- Remove excess clothing, avoiding being covered by very hot sheets or blankets, for example;
- Bathe in lukewarm water, that is, neither hot nor cold, 2 to 3 times a day.
If these measures do not work, you can take medicine for the fever, such as Paracetamol or Sodium Dipyrone, for example, but only under the doctor’s guidance. See how more about the treatment for dengue fever and the remedies used.
2. How to stop nausea
In cases where dengue causes constant nausea and vomiting, some tips are:
- Suck on a lemon or orange popsicle;
- Avoid fatty or high-sugar foods;
- Eat every 3 hours and in small amounts;
- Drink 2 liters of water a day;
If even with these measures, the person continues to have nausea or vomiting, you can take medication for nausea, such as Metoclopramide, Bromopride and Domperidone, under medical guidance.
3. How to relieve itchy skin
To relieve itchy skin, which appears in the first 3 days after dengue infection, good options are:
- Take a cold shower;
- Apply cold compresses to the affected region;
- Apply wet compresses in lavender tea;
- Apply ointments for itchy skin, like Polaramine, for example.
Allergy remedies such as Desloratadine, Cetirizine, Hydroxyzine and Dexchlorpheniramine can also be used, but also under medical guidance.
4. How to relieve eye pain
In case of eye pain, some tips are:
- Wear sunglasses indoors;
- Apply wet compresses in chamomile tea to the eyelids for 10 to 15 minutes;
- Taking painkillers, such as Paracetamol;
During treatment for dengue, you should avoid taking non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin, as they increase the chances of bleeding.
When to go to the doctor
If other more serious symptoms appear, such as bruising or frequent bleeding, it is recommended to go to the emergency room, as a case of dengue hemorrhagic fever may be developing that needs to be treated in the hospital. Learn more about dengue hemorrhagic fever.
There are signs of liver involvement when symptoms such as severe abdominal pain, yellowing of the skin and eyes, and symptoms of poor digestion appear. Therefore, in case of suspicion, you should go to the hospital quickly. Usually the liver is mildly affected, but in some cases the damage can be severe, with fulminant hepatitis.
In addition to care during dengue, it is also important to take other care that helps prevent the disease. Check out the following video for some tips to avoid the dengue mosquito and the disease: