Experts note that some tests can be taken on their own, even when nothing hurts. Here, of course, it is important not to go to the other extreme and not start feverishly looking for various signs of the disease, notes in an interview with aif.ru Allergist-Immunologist, Head of the Department of Allergology and Immunology, NCC No. acad. B. V. Petrovsky (Central Clinical Hospital of the Russian Academy of Sciences), Assistant of the Department of Immunology, Russian National Research Medical University. N. I. Pirogova Evgeniya Parshina. It is also not necessary to be nervous and constantly monitor the indicators in your body. Indeed, with such increased control, anxiety can form. However, regular medical examinations should not be ignored.
Among the tests that are not included in the annual examinations, but at the same time it is desirable to control sometimes, at least once a year or two, checking the level of vitamin D, iron levels, thyroid function, the presence of HPV. There are those people who should be wary of such parameters, although they may not get sick, because they are at risk.
Usually, a lack of such a vitamin is characterized by classic symptoms – weakness and loss of appetite. But even if they are not there, first of all, you should not forget to check the level of such a substance for people who have:
- autoimmune pathologies;
- allergic diseases;
- cardiovascular pathologies;
- violation of the menstrual cycle.
In addition, it is worth monitoring this parameter in the presence of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (this pathogen inhibits the activation of vitamin D).
An analysis for the content of vitamin D can be taken in any laboratory – the result will be ready in a few days. If a deficiency or excess is detected, it will be necessary to control the level of the substance more often until it is corrected during therapy. Later, it will be necessary to regularly check its level, in order to avoid repeated deficits. Therapeutic dosages of the drug are prescribed only by a doctor.
Here we are talking about the lack of iron in the blood. Risk groups that should especially closely monitor this parameter:
- aged people;
- those who have chronic diseases.
It is worth taking care of yourself. If symptoms such as weakness, fatigue, pale skin, muscle weakness appear, it is worth going and taking a blood test (general clinical). It will indicate the level of hemoglobin. However, it also happens that with a normal level of hemoglobin, the symptoms continue to bother. In this case, for a more accurate diagnosis, it is worth taking tests to determine the level of iron and ferritin (iron depot in the body).
The human papillomavirus, as a rule, does not give bright symptoms, but causes severe damage to the body. According to WHO, 80% of people are infected with it. In the group of viruses of such a plan, more than 200 species are combined, which can manifest themselves as warts on different parts of the body, as well as oncogenic type viruses.
For prevention, even if nothing bothers, women should be checked annually by a gynecologist and take a smear to determine the presence of HPV of high oncogenic risk.
To prevent infection today there is a preventive vaccination against this virus. But there is no specific treatment for HPV.
Pathologies of the thyroid gland develop and proceed imperceptibly at first. Who should be particularly concerned about them? For those people who have:
- drowsiness during the day and activity in the evening and at night;
- excess weight;
- perspiration and coughing;
- sensation of a lump in the throat;
- increase in blood pressure.
In the presence of such signs, you should contact a specialist and undergo an additional examination. At risk are people with obesity and autoimmune disorders.
It is worth noting that in Russia such an option for caring for one’s health and controlling situations when nothing hurts has long been thought out and implemented – clinical examination. They can be taken in city clinics. As part of the medical examination, you can talk with different specialists and talk about all the problems that interest you. If any deviations are found according to the results of the examination, it is necessary to start correcting them, while they are in the early stages and are treated easier and faster.