Painful urination, also known as dysuria, can be a distressing symptom that requires medical attention. This discomfort can range from a mild burning sensation to severe pain and may be accompanied by other symptoms such as frequent breaks in urination, cloudy urine or blood in the urine. To clear up your doubts about dysuria, Assistência Pela Vida interviewed the nephrologist Dr. Daniel Drummond. Check out!
Feeling pain when urinating can be something serious? What can cause this symptom?
Several pathologies can cause pain when peeing. Acute cystitis, or urinary tract infection, is usually the most common among women. But there are other diseases whose dysuria may be related, such as:
- Urethritis (inflammation of the urethra);
- vulvovaginitis (inflammation of the vagina and vulva);
- prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate).
“During the medical consultation, through anamnesis, physical examination and complementary exams, the doctor makes the diagnosis and the appropriate treatment for each case.” Says Doctor Daniel.
What problems does the Nephrologist deal with?
The medical specialty of Nephrology is dedicated to the study and treatment of diseases related to the urinary system, with emphasis on conditions that affect the kidneys. This medical field encompasses the diagnosis and clinical treatment of various pathologies, such as arterial hypertension, urinary tract infections, renal calculi (kidney stones), cystic renal diseases and glomerulopathies, such as nephritis. In addition, Nephrology is responsible for the treatment of acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease, including Hemodialysis, Peritoneal Dialysis and Kidney Transplantation.
In addition to painful urination, what are the other warning signs to see a nephrologist?
In addition to pain when peeing, Dr. Daniel warns of other symptoms that serve as a warning sign to look for a nephrologist. See below:
- Edema (swelling);
- foamy urine;
- hematuria (bleeding in the urine);
- uncontrolled blood pressure;
- back pain (unilateral lumbar region, colic type).
In addition to these, the specialist also cites Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) – a silent condition with symptoms that manifest only when it reaches its most advanced stage. “That is why it is so important to look for a nephrologist for a routine annual evaluation, especially for those patients who have risk factors for the disease, such as: age over 40 years, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, family history of CKD and smoking,” he clarified.
What care does everyone need to take to avoid pain and other problems when urinating?
Pain when urinating can be prevented with some important measures, but very simple to apply in routine. Seek to hydrate frequently; don’t ′′ hold ′′ the pee for too long; use condoms, maintain proper hygiene and remember to urinate after sex. In the case of women, keep regular consultations with the gynecologist
Finally, treatment of predisposing conditions that increase the risk of urinary tract infection is critical. This includes adequately controlling Diabetes Mellitus, treating kidney stones, solving constipation problems, correcting anatomical alterations in the urinary tract, among other measures.