Borderline Personality Disorder – Know everything

Borderline is a personality disorder characterized by emotional instability, impulsivity, there may also be fear of abandonment and difficulty in interpersonal relationships. Borderline is also called borderline personality disorder or BPD, as people suffering from this disorder feel as if they are borderline. In this text, we will explain what borderline is, what are its causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.

What causes borderline personality disorder?

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a psychiatric disorder that is characterized by emotional instability, impulsivity, fear of abandonment and difficulty in interpersonal relationships. The causes of BPD are not fully known, but involve genetic, environmental and social factors.

Genetic factors refer to the hereditary predisposition to develop the disorder. Studies show that first-degree relatives of people with BPD are five times more likely to have the condition. condition than the general population.

Environmental factors include traumatic childhood experiences such as physical or sexual abuse, neglect, separation, or loss of parents. These events can affect emotional development and the ability to trust others. .

Social factors concern the lack of support and support from close people, such as family, friends or partners. The absence of stable affective bonds can trigger feelings of loneliness, emptiness and devaluation .

BPD can manifest itself in different degrees of intensity, depending on the severity of the symptoms and the impact on the person’s life. Some cases can be milder and controlled with psychotherapy.while others may require psychiatric hospitalization or intervention in risky situations, such as suicide attempts or self-harm.

What are the main symptoms of borderline personality disorder?


Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a psychological disorder that affects the way a person relates to himself and others. the pthe possible manifestations symptoms of the TPB are:

emotional instability


Rapid and intense mood swings, which can last for hours or days, ranging from moments of anger, sadness, anxiety and euphoria.



The person acts without thinking about the consequences, and may engage in risky behavior, such as drug use, excessive spending, unprotected sex or violence.

fear of abandonment


Exaggerated fear of rejection or abandonment by their partners, friends or family, efforts to avoid separation.

unstable relationships


The person alternates between extremes of idealization and devaluation of the people they relate to, and can go from intense love to deep hatred in a short time

Low self-esteem


Negative self-perception, feeling inferior, empty, or incomplete.

identity disorder


The person has difficulty defining his values, goals and personal preferences, and may change his mind frequently.

Borderline disorder or traits borderlines?

This is a question that many people may ask themselves when encountering unstable, impulsive, or emotional behavior in themselves or others. However, it is important to know that not everyone who has these traits has borderline personality disorder (BPD), which is a serious psychiatric condition that requires specialist diagnosis and treatment.

How to diagnose borderline disorder?

To diagnose borderline disorder, it is necessary to assess whether the person has at least five of the following clinical criteria:

  • Impulsive behaviors in at least two areas that can cause harm, such as excessive spending, risky sex, drug use, dangerous driving, or binge eating
  • Emotional instability due to a marked reactivity of mood;
  • Frequent suicidal actions, gestures, threats or self-mutilation;
  • Relationships marked by instability and intensity, oscillating between idealization and devaluation;
  • Persistent feelings of emptiness;
  • Intense, inappropriate anger or difficulty controlling it
  • Transient stress-related paranoid symptoms or severe dissociative symptoms
  • Extreme efforts to avoid breaking real or imaginary emotional bonds;

The diagnosis should be made by a psychiatrist, who may use structured interviews or standardized questionnaires to assist in the assessment. Borderline disorder may be associated with other mental disorders such as depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress, eating disorders and personality disorders.

Borderline personality disorder treatment?


Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a disorder which is characterized by a pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, affections and impulsivity. People with BPD may exhibit suicidal or self-mutilating behaviors, fear of abandonment, difficulty regulating emotions, feelings of emptiness and cognitive dysregulation.

BPD treatment is done mainly through psychotherapy, which aims to help the patient develop skills to deal with their emotional and interpersonal problems. There are different psychotherapeutic approaches to BPD such as Schema Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, and Transference Focused Therapy. Psychotherapy can be individual or group, depending on the needs and preferences of the patient.

In addition to psychotherapy, some medications can be used to treat specific symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, irritability and impulsivity. However, medications are not considered the main treatment for BPD and should be used with caution and under medical supervision.

BPD is a disorder that may be associated with other comorbidities, such as mood disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, substance use disorders and other personality disorders. Therefore, it is important that the patient receives a complete psychiatric evaluation and multidisciplinary follow-up.

BPD can have a negative impact on an individual’s life when not treated properly. People with BPD can experience difficulties at work, school, family, and romantic relationships. They may also experience low self-esteem, social isolation, emotional distress, and an increased risk of suicide. Therefore, it is essential that the patient seeks professional help and engages in the treatment of BPD.

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