Bipolar Disorder Day is celebrated on March 30. The date aims to raise awareness of this mental health condition that affects millions of people around the world. Characterized by intense and extreme mood swings, the disorder can cause great suffering and damage to patients’ lives. In an interview for Care for Life, psychiatrist Ana Paula Bechara answers some questions about Bipolar Disorder and helps us to better understand what the head of a person with Bipolar Disorder is like. Check out!
What is Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar Disorder is a psychiatric condition that is characterized by extreme mood swings, ranging from episodes of intense euphoria, known as mania, to periods of deep depression. These mood swings can significantly affect the quality of life of the patient, interfering with their work, relationships and ability to cope with day-to-day life. In addition, bipolar disorder can manifest itself in different ways, with variations in symptoms, severity and frequency of episodes.
What Are the Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder Type 1 and 2
There are two main types of bipolar disorder, type 1 and type 2. Basically, while the two types are characterized by mood swingswhat differs them are the frequency and intensity of episodes of the condition.
– Type 1 Bipolar Disorder: “Type 1 bipolar disorder is marked by more flowery and slightly longer manic phases. The patient with bipolar disorder type one is usually a patient who no longer functions in his work, relational and social life. It is quite impressive”, says Dr. Ana Paula.
– Bipolar Disorder Type 2: The psychiatrist continues: “Bipolar disorder type two is marked by phases known as hypomania, which are slightly shorter phases and do not generate a great deal of dysfunction in the patient. Although it is also severe, the patient can still function somewhat.”
That is, Type 1 Bipolar Disorder is the most aggravating when we are talking about how much it can influence the day-to-day life of a person living with this condition.
Is Bipolar Disorder curable?
Bipolar disorder is a chronic condition and has no cure, however, it can be controlled through the use of medication, psychotherapy and changes in behavior. Lifestyle. It is essential that the treatment is adequate and regular, without interruptions, always accompanied by a mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist.
Both type 1 and type 2 bipolar disorder require ongoing treatment to keep symptoms under control and prevent severe episodes from occurring. Therefore, it is important that the patient follows the medical guidelines and does not interrupt the treatment without the consent of the health professional.
Who can diagnose Bipolar Disorder?
The diagnosis of bipolar disorder must be carried out exclusively by a professional specialized in mental healthie by a psychiatrist. The symptoms of bipolar disorder can be quite varied and can be confused with other pathologies, which makes an accurate diagnosis essential to ensure adequate treatment.