Abusing alcohol accelerates the loss of muscle mass and frailty

Alcohol damages health and is considered a risk factor for many diseases that could be prevented. However, its consumption is widespread worldwide, and according to an analysis of ‘Global Burden of Disease’ published in The Lancet an estimated 1.34 billion people consumed harmful amounts of alcohol in 2020. Additionally, the alcoholism It not only harms the person affected, but also has negative consequences for the people around them.

A new study has found another undesirable effect of drinking alcohol because it reveals that heavy drinkers They may also run the risk of lose muscle mass and develop frailtya condition known as sarcopenia which is associated with aging and sedentary lifestyle. The research has been carried out by scientists from the University of East Anglia (UEA)who have shown with statistical modeling that individuals with the least amount of muscle drank 10 units of alcohol or more each day, which is equivalent to a bottle of wine about.

“Losing muscle as we age leads to muscle problems. weakness and frailty in old age”, has warned Professor Ailsa Welch, from the UEA Norwich Medical School, who adds that “alcohol intake is an important modifiable risk factor for many diseases, so we wanted to know more about the relationship between the Alcohol consumption and muscle health as we age.

Less muscle mass in middle-aged people who drink alcohol

The researchers used data from the UK Biobank, a vast database containing anonymous information on the lifestyle and health of half a million people in the UK, and recruited 196,561 men and women aged 37-73. . To carry out their evaluation, they took into account the size of the body –because larger people also have more muscle mass– and aspects such as protein consumption and the physical activity they carried out.

Most of the people tested were between the ages of 50 and 60, and those who drank a lot of alcohol had less skeletal muscle compared to people who drank less.

They studied the amount of alcohol these individuals drank and compared it to the amount of muscle they had, based on their body size. “We also took into account things like how much protein they were eating, their levels of physical activity, and other factors that could make a difference in how much muscle they might have,” explained Dr. Jane Skinner, also from the School of UEA Norwich Medicine.

The researcher notes that most of the people tested were between the ages of 50 and 60 and found that those who drank heavily had less skeletal muscle compared to people who drank less, after accounting for their body size and other factors that could influence “We saw that it really became a problem when people were drinking 10 or more units a day, which is equal to a bottle of wine, or four or five pints.”

The findings have been published in the journal Calcified Tissue International and according to Professor Welch show that “alcohol can have deleterious effects on muscle mass at higher levels of consumption”. “We know that losing muscle as we age leads to problems with weakness and frailty, so this suggests another reason to avoid routinely drinking large amounts of alcohol in early and middle age,” she concludes.

Source: www.webconsultas.com

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